Postnatal depression -a condition that occurs more often in women after the birth of a child.
This type of depression has a direct connection with social, chemical, and also psychological changes in a woman’s life. This type of depression is very treatable.
Сauses of postnatal depression
-a sharp change in hormone levels such as progesterone, estrogen and oxytocin
-Unwanted or difficult pregnancy.
-Problems with breastfeeding.
-Conflicts with the father of the child (treason, quarrel, scandal, parting).
– Excessive physical activity.
Of course, not all the causes of a depressed state depend on a woman. Often they are dictated by social and life conditions. However, the emotional state of a young mother directly depends on thoughts and everyday mood, from attitudes toward life and others. That’s why psychologists strongly recommend to reduce all negative emotions to a minimum.
Symptoms of postnatal depression
1. Regular complaints of a woman to suffering from loneliness and excessive fatigue. Besides, woman can have tearfulness, sharp mood swings, uncontrollable outbursts of anger. Already, family and friends should sound an alarm, because this is how postpartum depression begins.
2. Panic fear of the condition and health of the newborn. Very often a woman has a feeling of guilt due to the slightest failure. Also, suicidal thoughts may appear, a gloomy vision of the future.
3. Provoking conflict situations, daily tantrums, grumpiness. Relatives and relatives, as a rule, do not know the main reasons for this behavior of a young mother. However, it indicates that there is a postpartum depression.
4. Sensation of panic and anxiety, accompanied by a strong palpitation, loss of appetite, regular headaches, insomnia. Sometimes a woman has an irresistible desire to commit senseless, according to others, actions. Simple conversations with a young mother often end in serious quarrel.
Types of postpartum depression
Specialists distinguish three types of disorders of this nature, which are formed only after the birth of the child:
- Рostpartum mopes. Every woman is familiar with this condition, it is a normal reaction of the organism to the changes that have occurred. A young mother can have a dramatic change in mood. Only now she feels the happiest in the world, and in a few minutes begins to cry. The woman becomes irritable, intolerant, agitated. According to experts, postpartum mopes can last as several hours, and a couple of weeks. This condition is not required in specialized treatment, as it usually passes by itself.
- Postpartum depression. Symptoms that characterize this condition, usually in a few days after the birth of the baby. They are similar to the signs of the postpartum melancholy (sadness, despair, irritability, anxiety), but they are manifested to a greater extent. During this period, a woman, as a rule, can not perform her daily duties. When this happens, you should immediately seek help from a psychologist. Despite the complexity of this ailment, depression after childbirth is amenable to therapy. Moreover, modern medicine offers a variety of solutions to this problem, so that each woman can choose the most acceptable option for herself.
- Postpartum psychosis is the most serious mental illness diagnosed in young mothers. The illness appears unexpectedly and is rapidly developing (during the first three months from the moment of birth). Initially, a woman loses the habitual ability to distinguish the real world from the imaginary, and sound hallucinations. Other symptoms include insomnia, a constant nervous state, anger at the surrounding world. When the appearance of primary signs is extremely important to seek help from a qualified doctor. In some cases, even hospitalization is required, since there is a risk of harm not only to yourself, but also to the newborn.
Treatment of postnatal depression
Depending on the type and complexity, depression is treated either on an outpatient basis, or in a hospital setting. The decision on the latter case is taken solely on the basis of the following risk of suicidal tendencies and the severity of the general condition. Modern medicine offers several methods of treatment: Psychotherapy. This treatment option is carried out either individually or in groups. Use of antidepressants of tranquilizers. The appointment of neuroleptics (these drugs are responsible for reducing motor activity and obvious psychotic symptoms )
Also see How To Overcome Postnatal Depression