Personality disorders – a number of psychiatric disorders of a wide spectrum. They are characterized by a special behavioral tendency and a specific personality type, which differs significantly from the socium of cultural norms. In this case, almost always in a patient suffering from personality disorder, there is both considerable discomfort in dealing with people, and social disintegration.
This condition can be due to various reasons
– birth trauma
– genetic predisposition
– violence in various forms
– certain life situations.
Symptoms of disorders by type
Each type of disorder has its own symptoms:
In people suffering from this type of disorder, there is a significant exaggeration of their own talents and virtues, multiple fantasies on a variety of topics. They love admiration for themselves, envy successful people around them and demand strict adherence to their own requirements.
In this case, the patients are irritable, envious, rather malicious, threatening to commit suicide, and, as a rule, do not do it. The condition is worsened by constant depression on the background of alcoholism, as well as various somatic disorders.
People with this syndrome, often very low self-esteem, they show self-doubt, try to avoid responsibility. A special problem in this case is considered the fundamental methods of making important decisions, people with such a personality disorder easily suffer resentment and humiliation, fear loneliness.
The above-mentioned personality disorder manifests itself in fear of various environmental factors. They are afraid to speak publicly, have a number of social phobias, are very sensitive to criticism, require constant support and approval of the society.
Such people aspire to a separate life activity, they do not want close relationships and ordinary contacts with others. Patients are indifferent to praise or criticism, show very little interest in sexual relations, but they often attach themselves to animals. The predestining tool is the maximum possible isolation from the surrounding society.
People with this personality disorder almost always experience unfounded suspicions about deception, use, or other actions on the part of the society. The sick are not ways to forgive other people, they believe that they are always right and understand only the authority of power and authority. In extreme forms, they can be dangerous, especially if they intend to pursue or revenge their imaginary enemies and offenders.
Such patients are very excitable, they respond to any events very violently, openly expressing anger, discontent, irritation. Outbreaks of anger of such people often lead to open violence if they meet resistance / criticism from other people. Their mood is very changeable, unpredictable, there is a great propensity for impulsive actions.
People who suffer from such personality disorders are prone to ill-considered and impulsive actions, ignoring moral norms, indifference and aversion to duties. Such people do not regret actions, often lie, manipulate others, while they have no worries and depressions.
All the main criteria by which you can correctly diagnose personality disorders
In particular, the determined state of a condition that can not be explained by brain diseases or extensive damage to it, as well as known mental disorders.
1.Chronic character of the altered behavior, which occurs over a long time and is not associated with the etymology of episodes of mental illness.
2.The style of altered behavior systematically violates adaptation to life or social situations.
3.Disharmony with behavior and own positions is revealed, manifested in deviations from the norm in perception, thinking, communication with other people. It also diagnoses lack of motivation control, affectivity and frequent excitability / retardation.
4.Typically, the above described disorder accompanies a partial or complete loss of productivity in a society or work.
5.The above manifestations occur in childhood, as well as in adolescents.
Treatment of personality disorder:
Psychological and social therapy
In particular, this is an individual, group, family therapy conducted by experienced neuropsychotherapists, psychological education, as well as habitat treatment and exercises in special self-help groups and drug therapy