Saturday, 21 Apr 2018

Depression

Depression

Depression is a mental illness that is a kind of affective disorder (mood disorders)

According to the DSM, the symptoms of depression can be divided into basic (typical) and additional. For the diagnosis, the patient must have two main symptoms and at least three additional symptoms.

The main symptoms of depression are:

-hypobulia (decreased motor activity)

bradifrenia (slowing down of mental processes)

– decreased mood


Additional symptoms of depression:

Pessimism is a gloomy, negative outlook on life.

Decreased self-esteem.

Feelings of guilt, fear, anxiety, own uselessness.

Inability to make decisions, concentrate on what is happening.

Suicidal thoughts.

Also in most cases there are not only mental symptoms, but somatic such as:

-reduction of heart rate

– Sleep disorder (insomnia or pathological drowsiness)

bowel movement

 

Depression can be unipolar and bipolar: Bipolar affective disorder (BAD) is characterized by alternating manic (hypertension, euphoria and motor excitement) and depressive episodes. Unipolar depression occurs 3.5 times more often. They can be mild, moderate or severe, include anxiety or other symptoms, but do not have manic episodes. Nevertheless, almost 40% of the time people with BAD spend in the depressive phase, because unipolar and bipolar depression is difficult to differentiate.


According to DSM-5, unipolar depression often occurs in the following forms.

Major depressive disorder is a clinical depression that lasts more than 2 weeks and meets all DSM criteria.

Resistant depression is a major depression that does not respond to treatment at least after 2 courses of antidepressant treatment.

Minor depression is a mood disorder that, according to severity or symptoms, does not reach the DSM diagnostic criteria.


• Atypical depression is a form of mental disorder in which the typical (major) symptoms of depression coexist with specific: increased appetite, weight gain, increased drowsiness, a feeling of heaviness in the limbs, a rejection of interpersonal relationships, a violation of social activity.

Postpartum depression – postnatal depressive disorder, which develops after delivery in 13% of mothers, due to changes in the hormonal background


Recurrent depressive disorder is depression, episodes of which last from 2-3 days to 2 weeks, but repeat throughout the year about once a month. Recurrent depression should not be confused with premenstrual syndrome in women: the diagnosis is made only if the decrease in mood does not depend on the menstrual cycle.


• Dysthymia is a chronic mood disorder that lasts at least 2 years and shows less pronounced symptoms of clinical depression. It is difficult to diagnose dysthymia, as it often begins at a young age, and a person mistakenly mistakes it for the characteristics of its nature. Can be combined with other mental disorders: panic attacks, generalized anxiety, social phobia, alcoholism, dependence on drugs and so on.

Today, depression is effectively treated with pharmacotherapy psychotherapy and social therapy. There is no method that is equally effective for all patients. That’s why the management of a depressed patient should be handled by a specialist who will try out different approaches and choose the most effective and safe.

PSYCHOTHERAPY FOR DEPRESSION

Treatment of mild to moderate depression often begins with psychotherapy. With severe depression, doctors usually combine it with pharmacotherapy. To treat depression, psychotherapists usually choose cognitive-behavioral, existential, interpersonal and psychodynamic therapy. These methods help the patient to correlate their lifestyle and behavior that supports depression, rejection of a pessimistic outlook, learn to overcome depression in the future. A study conducted in 2013 The British scientist has shown that in various cases cognitive behavior therapy helps to cope with the symptoms of depression and improve the quality of life even when antidepressants are useless. Psychotherapy is especially important when working with suicidal patients: the doctor helps to cope with feelings of hopelessness , loneliness and fear.

You will maybe like this

28 thoughts on “Depression

  1. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  2. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for
    you? Plz respond as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like
    to find out where u got this from. kudos

  3. Hello there! This post could not be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  4. First off I want to say terrific blog! I had a quick question which
    I’d like to ask if you do not mind. I was curious to find out how
    you center yourself and clear your mind prior to writing.
    I have had a difficult time clearing my mind in getting
    my thoughts out. I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin.
    Any suggestions or tips? Thanks!

  5. Right here is the perfect site for everyone who really wants to find
    out about this topic. You know a whole lot its
    almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa).
    You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject that has been discussed for a long time.

    Wonderful stuff, just great!

  6. We are a gaggle of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your site provided us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done an impressive
    job and our entire group shall be thankful
    to you.

  7. Hey! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often!

  8. My brother suggested I might like this website. He used to be entirely right. This post actually made my day. You can not consider just how a lot time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  9. I like the helpful information you provide to your articles.

    I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently.
    I’m somewhat certain I will learn lots of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  10. Good day! Do yоu usee Twitter? Ι’ɗ like to follow
    you if thuat would be okay. I’m definitely enjoүing your bⅼog annd look forward tto
    new posts.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *