Borderline – ia state of the psyche is the boundary between health and pathology. It’s not psychosis, but it’s not normal.
Causes of development:
Although it is not established what factors can trigger the development of the condition located at the crossroads of the norm and pathology. When the balance of the nervous pathways (mediators) is disturbed, a person can dramatically change the mood, it can be closed, and sometimes too sociable. In addition, this phenomenon is based on a hereditary predisposition to mental illness.
The most likely factors that predispose to borderline conditions are:
-physical abuse in early childhood;
-emotional pressure and humiliation on the part of parents or peers;
-early separation from mother (or his death);
-and high anxiety.
If any of these factors are present, it is compiled by constant neurological situations (stress, fears, self-doubt), there is a high probability that the borderline state of the psyche can get out of the category of those and go into a mental disorder. The provoking factor is the use of alcohol and drugs.
To understand what a borderline condition is in psychiatry, you need to understand – unlike patients with progressive mental disorders, people who are prone to symptoms, standing on the border of norm and pathology, are aware of their problems and are based on common sense. How they are not always able to understand the cause and choose the tactics of behavior to get rid of their problems and obsessions
The symptoms of the borderline
- a person periodically becomes anxious, depressed, when it seems to others that there is absolutely no reason for this (this fact aggravates the situation-it seems to the patient that no one understands and does not support him);
- people with borderline mental states ambiguously perceive their own personality, and everyone experiences it differently – someone magnifies their imaginary dignity and believes that he has no equal around, someone is engaged in self-destruction from self-doubt and constant depression on this occasion;
- instability in social and interpersonal relations manifests itself as follows-a person tends to idealize someone from the environment first, and then sharply change the attitude towards him, up to disgust and complete disconnection (without adequate reasons).
Borderline non-psychopathic States
Attacks of acute anxiety, which, according to psychotherapists, are not dangerous, but require treatment, are called panic attacks. This condition is characterized by the following symptoms:
-increased heart rate;
-tremor in the hands and feet;
-lack of air;
-change in blood pressure;
Despite the fact that panic attacks are not considered a psychopathic manifestation of borderline States, they must be treated to prevent the accession of other various phobias and the closure of a person alone to his problem
Psychoanalysis sessions with such patients are undesirable due to their increased nervous excitability and anxiety. Institutions specializing in the treatment of somatic diseases can place such a patient in a designated Department for people with suspected borderline disorders. There, patients can move away from stressful situations, C medical assistance to survive suicidal attempts (which were planned or committed), as well as to receive high-quality medical and psychotherapeutic treatment.